Localism orders are a type of statutory instrument. Under the Localism Act 2011, ministers can use localism orders to change or repeal a part of the law that prevents a local authority from exercising the general power of competence (a power that allows local authorities to do anything that an individual may do) or overlaps with that power.
The Regulatory Reform Committee (a cross-party committee of MPs) examines all localism orders. The process for localism orders is similar to the process for legislative reform orders. The Committee considers whether the minister has recommended the appropriate level of scrutiny and can require a higher level. The Committee also considers whether the order is the appropriate route for making the change and recommends whether it should be approved. There is an equivalent Committee in the House of Lords.
The Harrogate Stray Act 1985 (Tour de Yorkshire) Order 2017 is an example of a localism order.